Located seven miles south of Medora, the Chimney Butte Ranch boasted a stockade-style shack when Roosevelt invested $14,000 for cattle and a brand. Ranches were commonly known by their brand, and Chimney Butte used an eight-pointed Maltese Cross.
At Roosevelt's request, ranch managers Sylvane Ferris and Bill Merrifield built a one and one-half story cabin complete with a shingled roof and root cellar. Constructed of durable ponderosa pine logs, the cabin was larger than most frontier homes, with wooden floors and three separate rooms (kitchen, living room and Roosevelt's bedroom). The steeply pitched roof, an oddity on the northern plains, created an upstairs sleeping loft for the ranch hands. -nps.gov/thro
Theodore Roosevelt National Park, Maltese Cross Cabin.